Local plants are adapted to local soils and climate and often have lower maintenance requirements. 43560/(30 x 30) = 48.4 trees per acre - rounding a little will make it a simple 50 for planning purposes In addition to purchasing chestnut trees you will also need grass seed, fertilizer and ground preparation. You are aiming for 25 to 30 trees per acre. Example: conversion factor used = 2.47105 120 trees per acre = 120 * 2.47105 = 269.5 trees per hectare A chestnut grower estimates from past records that if 20 trees are planted per acre, each tree will average 60 pounds of nuts per year. 2001). Return for an acre with 150 trees. Pawpaws are natural understory trees and can produce 50% to 75% of a full crop even in fairly heavy shade. Myth #2 - Chinese chestnut trees out produce European - casual research indicates the best producing Chinese chestnut tree orchards east of the Rocky Mountains produce about 1200 lbs per acre. I am working on a book (to be published by Chelsea Green Co.) that will explain this all in detail, but for now I will give the “short” answer. This video of Tom goes into details about Establishment and maintenance. Now, the price of chestnuts varies greatly. As stated above, a single hive needs about one acre of land to support itself. But, if you have the room, a pecan tree is well worth having, and a welcome legacy for those who come behind you. Chestnut trees particularly flourish in the Mediterranean basin. African Black Ebony is the most valuable wood in the world. Recent studies have shown even modern deer that have never encountered them in the wild prefer chestnuts over acorns 100:1. This acre needs to have lots of flowering plants that can provide nectar to your bees. Resilient. Yields range from 1,500 to 3,000 shelled pounds per acre per year. I am small farmer with abundant local markets, so I’ll assume a mid-range price of $10.00 per pound. So I did the math. The top five states with the most chestnut acreage were Michigan, Florida, California, Oregon, and Virginia (NASS 2018). • The first two years –growth stage • 2nd year (harvest of 50 fruits per tree) – 60k • … We recommend a 30’x30’ (54 trees per acre) or 40’x40’ (25 trees per acre) spacing for planting. So if you calculate one can earn (70*10*30) = 21,000 to (100*10*30)=30,000 every month. Actually marking off an acre and counting the trees is one option. 850 - 1000 trees per acre (the stocking rate is actually 1000 trees per acre but majority of plantations nowadays have 15% of the site allocated for bio-diversity, this is generally made up of open space/access tracks/road or stream setbacks etc.....however some acres will have 1000 and others could have 600.....even with the 15% rule you'll find many sites are closer to a 900/acre average) While a healthy acre of forest may have 30 trees or fewer, some now have 10 to 100 times that many. “Just like you can’t throw a corn seed in the ground and walk away from it, neither can you walk away from a chestnut tree,” says Wahl. Chestnut trees require well-drained soils on the acidic side of the pH scale. Now-a-days with the Internet and craigslist, etc, marketing your Christmas trees is … The diameter of trees at DBH determines how many trees per acre it takes to make a given basal area. What and Where to Prune After you get your tree into the shape you want, all you need to do is maintain it. Chestnuts bear on the outer growth each year, and so maximizing sunlight around the tree increases overall production. acre to 1 acre, with larger openings preferred in older, taller stands. 10 acres of chestnuts, well managed on a good site, should be able to produce 3,500 to 4,000 lbs per acre of nuts, for a total of 35,000 to 40,000 lbs on the 10 acres. How Trees Grow Trees Do Not Grow at a Constant Rate Foresters use words in their discussions about tree growth that may mislead investors. Given local conditions and markets, a maximum rate of return on investment of 5.65% was achieved at 400 stems per acre after 34 years. (They may produce sooner, but I’ll be conservative here.) Many communities owe their origin and former richness to the ensuing chestnut woods. Though in many European orchards the number of trees per acre is set at 5,000 trees or more, in the US the apple tree density starts at 450-485 trees per acre with a maximum of 1,100 trees/acre.This is a recommended number for the dwarf apple trees.The tree density for normal size apple trees is 60 to 80 per acre. Many native broadleaf trees will grow in difficult areas with little or no fertiliser. Tom Wahl, Want recipes for chestnuts? Pawpaws can wholesale for as high as $7 to $10 per pound. Hybrid chestnut. You can  watch the vidoe and others from the chestnut conferce on you tube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7aV_U0k-lmg, 2017 Letts, Iowa Chestnut Conference Videos & Handouts, Comfortable Income on 10 Acres using Chestnuts & Pawpaws, Establishing and Maintaining Chestnuts Video, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7aV_U0k-lmg, Tom Wahl on Site Selection and Care of Chestnuts. Dunstan Chestnuts can get large, as much as 60’ tall and 40’ wide. Nuts.com has a 1 pound bag of dried chestnuts at $13.99 and 1 pound fresh at $9.99; on Amazon you can buy 5.25 pounds of organic chestnuts for $44.99, which works out to ~$8.5 per pound. Assuming only 2000 pounds of nuts (up to 2800 lbs. If you liked this story, hit me with some Claps so Medium will share it with others. The United States imported 3,200 metric tons of chestnuts in 2017. That is just for chestnuts. Consider how many nectar sources are nearby and consult your local laws to see what kind of laws are in place regarding beehive placement. Recently Tom Wahl made a claim on the Practical Farmers of Iowa list serve that 16 families could make a living farming on 160 acres using an agroforestry system. The standard thinking is that you can get a cord of wood per acre per year. The 9th year rubber tree would give more rubber per kg, so the income would increase considerably every year.1 acre of rubber estate would have 150 to 200 rubber trees approximately. Many municipalities across the country short of cash are harvesting trees from city parks to manage their budgets. We recommend a 30’x30’ (54 trees per acre) or 40’x40’ (25 trees per acre) spacing for planting. Trees are planted in the fall in Michigan with an estimated cost of $61.20/acre based on tart cherry estimates. Find out how many pecan trees per acre and how far apart to plant pecan trees in this blog. On the ground, in the more exposed areas, you could grow perennial vegetables such as asparagus, rhubarb, and horse radish. This weekend I gifted a fellow farmer a chestnut tree. 3.3K views This video is 1 hour and 20 minute long. I am sorry that I can’t point you to university research documenting all of these figures, but there just aren’t any universities doing this. Perennial tree-based agriculture solves many of these problems right now and the Chestnut tree produces more food per acre every year than any other nut tree. Number of trees per acre for various common planting spacings 35 ft x 35 ft 35 trees per acre 40 ft x 40 ft 27 trees per acre That means, over the 50 years of nuts produced…. go to Chestnut recipes. Needless to say, I am excited about chestnut trees. How many fruit/nut trees would you plant if you had space for as many as you want? There were once billions of them and their range stretched from Georgia and Alabama to Michigan, but the majestic tree was gone before forest science existed to document its role in the ecosystem. (it's winter my identification might be off) A Lesson In Crital Thinking. At 20" diameter, crop trees (either planted or in the woods) should have 35' of space between them, leaving about 36 per acre… Pecan trees get very large – more than 80 feet tall, with a spread of 50 feet wide or more. Assuming that the coconut is planted in an ideal condition, the average nuts per tree could be 100 per tree though the farmers at Pollachi (TN< INDIA) have an average of 150 per tree while farmers at Kerala have only 50 - 60 per tree. 5. The closer these trees are planted to each other, the less pruning you will have to do. Dr. Patrick O’Malley estimates that pawpaws in Iowa should bear around 14,000 pounds per acre (in full sun). When in full production, chestnuts will yield 1,000 to 4,000 lb per acre. As the costs of growing Christmas trees are mostly labor for maintenance, such as mowing for weed control and shearing the young trees, a small grower who does their own work can keep most of the profits. [we plan to sell U-pick pawpaws for $4.00/pound in 2015] Under the pawpaws and chestnuts you could add shade-tolerant berry shrubs such as gooseberry, currant, and honeyberry. Empress trees mature several times faster than your average oak or pine and absorb about 103 tons of carbon a year per acre. In 1584, the governor of Genoa, which dominated Corsica, ordered all the farmers and landowners to plant four trees yearly, among which was a chestnut tree – plus olive, fig and mulberry trees. Hybrid chestnut. Seedlings, 1 to 2 feet tall, are considerably less, at about $3.50 each. Empress trees mature several times faster than your average oak or pine and absorb about 103 tons of carbon a year per acre. Foresters often talk about a growth rate using phrases like “40 cubic meters per hectare per year”, or “5 tons per acre per year”. How many fruit/nut trees would you plant if you had space for as many as you want? This 42-acre farm will hopefully be a model for many … If there’s a glut of local organic chestnuts, I can imagine the price dropping a bit. Actually marking off an acre and counting the trees is one option. Looking at a new property which has some large trees (beech, horse chestnut, sycamore) several elder, two hazelnuts, 4 apple trees,(could be a pear in there) what looks like a Mirabelle plum and many other small trees like holy, sumac etc. This is usually referred to as the mean annual increment or MAI. Many orchards of European hybrid chestnut trees produce over 2000 lbs per acre. Even though this takes 12 to 15 years to reach this level (and that is assuming no disasters such as extreme weather events), this does not mean there is no income leading up to this point. Find out all about it here.Also, how many fruit trees can you plant on an acre? With 200 ready-to-harvest trees per acre, that’s $14,800. If you own a tractor, it can be used to mark the distance between tree rows by simply mounting a metal or pvc pipe centered over top of the tractor body. 10 acres of chestnuts, well managed on a good site, should be able to produce 3,500 to 4,000 lbs per acre of nuts, for a total of 35,000 to 40,000 lbs on the 10 acres. should be attainable) at direct wholesale pricing of only $2.50 per pound (we currently sell for $3.50 per pound) amounts to $5000.00 per acre. Depending on how they are marketed, prices range from $1.50 to $6.00 per lb. In the beginning of the Christian era, people probably started to realize the value and versatility of sweet chestnut wood, leading to a slow spread of the cultivation of C. sativa trees, a theory that is supported by pollen data and literary sources, as well as the increased use of sweet chestnut wood as poles and in supporting structures, wood works and pier building between A.D. 100 and 600. 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