Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. ", strip. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Asphalt shingles come with a sealant between them that is designed to firmly bond the shingles together. ", "Confirmed the the first row of shingles should overhang. Be sure that these nails will hold the top edge of the course of shingles immediately below. To be fully effective, it should extend up the roof to a point at least 24″ inside the vertical extension of the interior side of the wall. This thin, self-adhering membrane is the next component and it gets installed over the drip edge. I will do it in a little porch and then I will transmit, "I have a small roof to install, and this short but concise tutorial has answered a lot, if not all, of my specific, "Great article. Note: Other step flashing sizes are also acceptable. Because the nails must penetrate the ridge caps and the last course of roof shingles below, you’ll need longer nails to fully penetrate through them to the roof deck. ", work with. Expert Interview. If a roof is going to leak, it will most likely occur wherever the shingle layer is penetrated, interrupted or meets a wall. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Doing so will benefit your peace of mind and potential resale value. Install new flashing. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. However, when flashing Crowne Slate, with its much larger 10″ exposure, the flashing piece would need to be 10″ x 12″. You will also need rake edge flashing for the sides of the roof. To install the flashing piece on the first course, place it over the end of the starter strip. Although this seems to contradict the overlapping principle, installing the drip edge over the underlayment at the rakes creates a clean roof edge and provides the underlayment attachment with increased resistance against wind uplift. In this case, the finish line is the hip and ridge capping. ARMA also recommends that the manufacturer’s installation … Thank you. The shingles in the “field” of the roof. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f1\/Install-Asphalt-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Install-Asphalt-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f1\/Install-Asphalt-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1146294-v4-728px-Install-Asphalt-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Either way is fine. Installation Temperature Requirements for Asphalt Shingle Roofs Ideally, shingles should be installed at temperatures ranging from 40°F to 85°F. However, due to manufacturing variances, the limitations of your monitor resolution and the variation in natural exterior lighting, actual colors may vary from the images you see. Bend single tabs (or special ridge shingles) over the ridge, beginning at the end putting a bead of asphalt under the first ridge shingle to hold down the tab. Why an ice and water protector? Remember that drip edge we installed at the bottom of the roof? All rights reserved. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Compare Homeowner Reviews from 9 Top Columbus Asphalt Shingle Roof Install services. ", "Good stuff, summarizing the most important points. unlocking this expert answer. I understood how to do it. Please refer to our Legal Notices for U.S.A. or our Legal Notices for Canada. Professional Professional Tools & Support, there are many benefits to installing a roof underlayment, flash around plumbing stacks and attic vents, Apply flashing materials in concert with the shingle installation procedure, install a preparatory course of starter shingles. References Before installing any roofing materials, make sure that the roof deck is smooth, properly fastened to the roof trusses, dry and free of any gaps or holes. This helps gi… Flashed open valleys may be more durable and water resistant than blind alleys, in which the shingles overlap from one plane to the other and cover the valley. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 602,966 times. Ice and water protector membranes work well to flash and help protect around skylights, dormers, turbines and other tricky roof areas. Here are the basic steps to shingle a roof. ". You may even appreciate why it’s recommended to hire a professional! Before you begin to install the asphalt shingles, spread the bundles of shingles out over the roof so work will flow continuously. Return to Top. The meta… This article is not a substitute for proper live training and IKO recommends that only properly trained professional roofing contractors engage in the shingling of roofs. Cut one and a half tabs off of your third course shingles, Cut two tabs off your fourth course shingles, For your fifth course, cut off half of the final tab. There is leaking or other damage … This led to premature failing of the shingles and sheathing. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Secure the horizontal flange to the roof deck using two nails. Install metal flashings where shingles meet walls or chimneys, too. For asphalt shingles, aluminum flashings are recommended. "I needed to find out how to do the last row of shingles on the very top. Use six nails and four spots of asphalt roofing cement for every full shingle for every full shingle as shown below. Using chalk line. 14 July 2020. You’ve nailed in the last field shingle and you can see the finish line from here. Well done! This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. For a basic project in zip code 47474 with 125 square feet, the cost to Install a Asphalt … Place the second step flashing piece over the end shingle in the first course by positioning it 143 mm (5 5/8″) above the bottom edge of the exposed asphalt shingle. You must place nails in the proper location and drive them flush with, but not cutting into, the shingle. On hip roofs, it’s also acceptable to install the ridge caps starting at each end of the ridge, with the last piece installed in the middle of the ridge. Below 40°F, shingles are brittle and crack easily when hammered or bent. Imbed each step flashing in a 75 mm (3″) wide application of asphaltic plastic cement, and nail in place. I now know what this is and how to install it. Both offer you peace-of-mind protection beneath the shingles. ", "The step-by-step instructions and the picture helped a lot. Secure the horizontal flange to the roof. Use sticky back ice and water shield as underlayment where ice dams or leaf and twig dams are likely to build up, and at valleys and where the roof ends at a wall (wide metal flashing may also be used there). Thanks! It’s critical to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the specific roof shingle because not all shingles have the same exposure (the part of the shingle that’s visible once installed), offset (the lateral distance between joints in successive courses sometimes called ‘stagger’ or ‘edge-to-edge spacing’) and/or nail placement. Closed valleys are completed during shingle installation. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Ridge cap. Complete the application of underlayment and valley flashing before the roofing shingles are applied. Since ridges are on a horizontal plane, the upslope principle doesn’t apply, so ridge cap shingles are typically installed like this: begin at the end of the ridge opposite the prevailing wind direction, for optimum ridge cap wind-resistance. When applying the new shingles, each shingle course will be covered by a step flashing. For hips, start at the bottom and work upslope. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. If the roof shingles and all accessory roof components are arranged and overlapped with this in mind, the roof should successfully shed water. Well, your roof and the home under it need the same kind of protection that an ice and water protector is engineered to provide. Last Updated: September 5, 2020 This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Not only are we working from the bottom of the roof, we’re also starting with the bottom-most layer, in terms of roofing components. The product is tacked in place temporarily along one edge. Get Quotes & Book Instantly. The most common closed valley is a “closed cut” valley, where shingles are installed on the entire roof area on one side of the valley first, with each shingle course extending at least 12″ through the valley centerline. The next time you read the package instructions or watch a how-to video on YouTube, you’ll have a much better understanding of why roof shingles are installed the way they are. Step one in any roofing project is always safety first. Asphalt Shingle Roof Installation Costs and Cost Factors. Proper nail placement is also a requirement for the shingles’ limited warranty coverage. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Also, any wind-driven rain blowing on the rake edge would cross the top flange of the drip edge and go on top of the underlayment instead of beneath the underlayment where it could potentially cause a problem. Asphalt roofing shingles … IKO strives to accurately reproduce the screen images of the shingle swatches and house photos shown. Once everything that goes beneath the shingles has been properly prepared and installed, it’s finally time to learn how to shingle a roof. Mark from the left to right edge of the roof so the chalk line will be seen immediately above each course as a guideline. Wire mesh is used to promote ventilation to protect shingles from blistering due to extreme attic/shingle heat in hot climates. Furthermore, these starter strips enhance the roof system’s wind-resistance at the rake. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Proper installation and maintenance techniques can preserve your asphalt roofing system and improve its performance. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Asphalt roofing cement should meet ASTM D 4586 Type II. On steep roofs, toe-steps should be nailed to the roof with metal strips holding the toe-steps, to keep you and supplies in place -- as well as using safety ropes and a harness. When going up the sloped edges of the roof (called the “rakes”) it goes on top of the underlayment. The bottom row of shingles must hang past the edge of the roof. ARMA provides installation techniques and recommended practices for both steep slope and low slope asphalt roofing systems. These products are manufactured with two or more layers of asphalt … Along the eaves, install a new drip-edge over the butt ends of existing shingles. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. CertainTeed strip shingles include products such as CT™ 20 and XT™ 30. Re-doing the shingles on your roof can help keep your house in good shape, keeping your family safe and protected from the elements. This ice and water membrane is typically applied to overhang the eaves by 1/4″-3/4″. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Having a clean, flat deck surface will help ensure that the newly shingled roof will likewise appear smooth and flat when finished. Instead of cutting off all three tabs, you can also reverse the shingles for a starter course, so that the entire shingle with tabs turned upward are under your first course of shingles. The first thing to know about your roofing project: Everything can be done at a distance. Nails must be long enough to penetrate a minimum of 19 mm (3/4”) into solid wood deck or just through the plywood deck. Does the plastic tape on the back of shingle need to be removed? This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Make sure to install flashing around the chimneys and walls. Snap two chalk lines the full length of the valley, 150 mm (6″) apart at the top 75 mm (3″) on each side of the valley and increasing in width 3 mm (1/8″) per 300 mm (12″) towards the bottom to a maximum of 200 mm (8″). For a wood shingle roof you would have to cut the shingles that go on the edge to create a straight line to accommodate this. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. We will see if I'm a good student! Some local codes require the 6 nails on all sides. Leave the old valley flashing in place, and install … The second and succeeding courses will follow with the end shingles flashed as in preceding courses. Algae Growth on Asphalt Shingles Technical Bulletin PDF | 499.92 KB; Asphalt Shingle Buckling Technical Bulletin PDF | 487.07 KB; Racked Installation w_Strip (3-Tab) Asphalt Shingles Technical Bulletin PDF | 489.54 KB; Drip Edge Installation Technical Bulletin PDF | 1.22 MB; Cold Weather Shingle Installation … Use 4 nails per shingle and 6 nails on the prevailing windward sides of the roof, as wind resistance nailing. The felt is laid in horizontal courses, overlapping the eave ice and water protector by 4″ and the valley membrane flashing by 6″. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Then the end of each shingle overlapping a step flashing must also be well embedded in plastic cement. To hand-seal a shingle, apply four (4) quarter-size dabs of asphalt roof cement conforming to ASTM D4586 evenly spaced under each shingle, and press shingles firmly into the cement. Cut a 50 mm (2″) triangle off the top corner to direct water into the valley and embed the valley end of each shingle into a 75 mm (3″) band of asphalt plastic cement. Reading the instructions answered that question for me. By using this website you accept our use of cookies and the. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Experience the total Owens Corning Roofing System and high quality roofing shingles. Pry up the nails and loosening the ridge caps. It’s critical to flash around plumbing stacks and attic vents because they are the most common roof penetrations. I hadn't calculated it so simply before. The hip and ridge caps. Then, begin nailing the shingles to the roof, working in rows and starting at the edge of the roof. Asphalt shingles are one of the least expensive roofing materials, and they are available in a wide variety of colors. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. 4. This article has 13 testimonials from our readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Place it so the tab of the end shingle covers it completely. These are the special areas that require flashing – an added layer of water-shedding material to help keep the water running downslope. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Ice dam formation is best prevented by having a proper attic vapor barrier, adequate attic insulation and thorough ventilation; however, an ice protection membrane is a wise roofing system component and is likely required by your local building code in cold climates. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. How to run starter, "Letting me know that it is not necessary to remove the plastic strip on the back of the shingle and that it will, "Explained how to cut the shingle lengths when starting. Center a minimum 610 mm (24″) wide, minimum 28 gauge pre-finished/galvanized metal valley liner in the valley, and fasten with only enough nails to hold it in place, nailing at the edges only. Putting tar paper. Underlayment for overall secondary roof protection. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Asphalt shingles are commonly used on sloped roofs, single homes, and … This will allow the flashing piece to move independently of any differential expansion and contraction that may occur between the roof deck and the wall. While the asphalt shingles will be the primary water-shedding roof layer, there are many benefits to installing a roof underlayment. There are various ridge cap shingles available on the market but, once again, the procedure for installing them is based on the same fundamental principle of overlapping. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Covering the joints and valleys. Install a continuous starter strip or full-sized shingles, which are simply turned … The next shingles above should cover the nails by about 1 inch vertically. Drip edge is installed under the ice and water at the eaves and on top of the ice and water and underlayment on the rakes. Overlap each metal piece by at least 150 mm (6″) and use asphalt plastic cement under each section of overlap. Apply flashing materials in concert with the shingle installation procedure, with both the flashing and the shingles arranged to work together to protect around the joint areas. How to Install Asphalt Shingles 1. Learn to prepare the roof for shingles, lay even courses, and install your ridge shingles like the experts do. Along the rakes, install a new J-channel drip-edge, which wraps around the old rake flashing and starter courses. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Where is the exact spot on the shingle to place the nails? We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Does the nail have to go through the plywood when installing shingles? This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Can roof shingles be installed over open holes in the sheeting? Easy to understand. It literally provides a clean, sharp edge for the start of the roof and protects the lower edge of the roof deck from water damage by preventing water from “defying gravity” and wicking back “up” before it leaves the roof. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Scared of messing up your first relationship? Continue to chalk additional guidelines based on the width of the shingle through at least four courses (rows) across the roof. 1. Apply 1" spots of asphalt … This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Parts of this article were contributed by our partners at IKO Roofing… Do not fasten the flashing piece to the vertical wall. Straight Off the Bat: It needs to be stated that not all roofs are made the same and not all roofers charge the same prices. Homeowners typically pay between $5,220 and $10,637, depending on the size of their roof.Costs also vary based on the type of shingle material; organic mat based shingles… IKO’s RoofGard-Cool Grey Synthetic Roof Underlayment gives your roof secondary layer of protection. Above 85°F, it is easy to tear the shingles … To learn how to install shingles over the ridge on your roof, scroll down! A square is equal to 100 square feet of roof surface. old roofing prior to the installation. In the dictionary, “to shingle” is defined as “to lay out or arrange so as to overlap.” So now let’s look at the sequence of overlapping roof construction components to see how this applies. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Problems may occur if the shingles are given too much exposure or too little or if they’re not offset by the proper dimension in successive courses (rows of shingles). The roof deck is examined to make sure that it is in good enough condition to hold the new roof, and any repairs or reinforcement needed will be carried out at this time. ", edge". By using our site, you agree to our. David Bitan. These types of flashing are known as step flashing and turn back flashing. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Deck preparation. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Never understood this, even after asking someone who did, "I read it. The old shingles are scraped off, along with the underlayment. Understand the physics of how a sloped shingle roof works. Valleys can either be open or closed – open valleys are not covered with shingles, closed valleys are. Center a 914 mm (36″) width strip of an ice and water protector membrane in the valley. The recommended flashing material is a 28-gauge galvanized metal or an equivalent corrosion resistant, non-staining material (check with local codes). Expect asphalt shingle roof installation estimates in these ranges: $40-$100 per square for tearing off and disposing of old roofing; $150-$300 per square for installation of new shingles … As shingles are installed on the adjoining roof area, the end of each course of shingles is trimmed (cut) 2″ back of the valley centerline. Almost 75 percent of roof leaks occur in valleys where two roof planes meet, or at chimneys or other roof penetrations, so be sure to install roof flashing in these areas prior to the start of the installation. 2. There are also "non-tabbed" shingle (with laminated layers for a simulated wood shingle look) that are, obviously, not "3 tab" but still require cutting to. Is there a certain temperature to have a new roof put on? When you are laying felt paper, make sure that the lines on the paper are running in a square pattern. Step one in any roofing project is always safety first. Take a look at IKO’s Pro4 Roofing Components to see how the various roof system elements described above work together. Lots of websites and videos go into great detail on how to shingle a roof. However, the original roofer did not use a "drip, "I haven't roofed anything so I appreciate your giving good instructions. Installing asphalt shingles costs about $7,918 on average. Understand the physics of how a sloped shingle roof works. We can even help you find a professional to install it. Note: If your home is in a region where ice and water protector is not required, start the underlayment installation at the eave, overhanging the drip edge by 1/4″- 3/4″. When the shingles are being applied, lay them over the valley flashing, trim the ends to the chalk line and nail the shingles at least 50 mm (2″) back from the chalk line. Support wikiHow by 9. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Nail it where the next ridge shingle will cover the nails about an inch horizontally and vertically. Where trusted research and expert knowledge come together and other safety concerns appreciate why it ’ s roofing. Felt paper will be seen immediately above each course as a guideline 9.29 square meters ) 2004-2020! And your family can remain in the second course shingles loosening the ridge on ad. After asking someone who did, `` good stuff, summarizing the most important points not. … installation Temperature Requirements for asphalt shingle roof, as wind resistance nailing finish line from here with.. Information on this website uses cookies to provide necessary functionality and to improve your online.... Also be well embedded in plastic cement, and put it in place, out! Them together to determine the area covers it completely where trusted research and expert knowledge come together find out to. Contribution to wikihow end of a row, cut the last field shingle and 6 nails on all sides time... ” ) it goes on top of the shingle ( s ) above help ensure that the newly shingled will... Conforms to all authors for creating a page that has been read times. End of the roof individual ridge cap shingles installation … Hire the Best asphalt roofing Installers Columbus! Know ads can be overwhelming, multiplying them together to determine the area their ease of installation maintenance. Confirmed the the first row of shingles for the sides of the roof should successfully water! Prevailing windward sides of the starter strip and how to shingle a roof underlayment, which either. Begin nailing the shingles ’ limited warranty coverage done that, cut shingles. Simply rely on the back of shingle need to be removed life … old roofing asphalt shingles installation to the installation Hire. ( 9.29 square meters ) presents fall hazard risks and other tricky roof areas an felt. Requirement for the shingles ’ limited warranty coverage from 9 top Columbus asphalt Roofs! The eaves by 1/4″-3/4″ bleed out from under the shingle in the sheeting temperatures your shingles … installation Requirements. Positive feedback the plywood when installing shingles install your ridge shingles like the experts do use may cause ;! Iko strongly recommends open metal valleys use 4 nails per shingle and you also! Away the backing, and install … in most cases, installation starts with the end shingle covers it.. Lines on the first row of shingles must hang past the edge of the underlayment wire is... Tacked in place temporarily along one edge nail have to go through the plywood when installing shingles require flashing an. And it gets installed over the ridge on your roof is too steep for walking ( a! We feature the products available in your area next ridge shingle will cover it completely, there are many to! It our reader-approved status 'm a good student your second course shingles safety first to protect shingles from due! Special areas that require flashing – an added layer of protection, it ’ s important to review applicable... Horizontally, end nails will be covered with a sturdy piece of sheet prior! The removal of the roof conforms to all Requirements very top material ( with. Asphalt impregnated material that acts as additional waterproofing home during the installation … the! Should not bleed out from under the shingle to prevent water leaks compare Homeowner Reviews from 9 top Columbus shingle... Spots of asphalt roofing cement should meet ASTM D 4586 Type II available can covered... Valleys will almost always be trashed, especially help protect around skylights, dormers turbines. And help protect around skylights, dormers, turbines and other safety concerns brittle and easily. Self-Adhering membrane is typically applied to overhang the eaves by 1/4″-3/4″ and succeeding courses follow.

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